MedStar Orthopaedic Institute | CALL 877-34-ORTHO

Ankle Surgery & Replacement

looking at foot xray

At MedStar Orthopaedic Institute, we believe you shouldn’t have to wait for nationally renowned foot and ankle care. That’s why you can be seen quickly with appointments available in days, not weeks, at eight convenient locations across Central Maryland.

Our expert physicians respect your time and are responsive to your individual needs. They will develop a treatment plan just for you and are committed to providing the best foot and ankle care possible.

Our fellowship-trained ankle surgeons and foot specialists offer a wide range of treatments and surgery options, whether you need care for a broken ankle or ankle arthritis. You’ll benefit from minimally invasive procedures that help you to return to the activities you love quickly, safely, and with less pain.

If you aren’t sure what you need or who to see, call us at 877-34-ORTHO and our helpful call center associates will guide you.

For more information or to schedule an appointment with a foot and ankle specialist, please call:


While there’s no cure for ankle arthritis, many nonsurgical methods may provide pain relief and slow down the progression of arthritis. Your ankle physician will work with you to develop a treatment plan unique to your needs. Treatment options may include steroid injections, pads, inserts, or arch supports for your shoes, physical therapy, canes, or braces to support your joints. In more advanced cases of ankle arthritis, a lateral or anterior ankle replacement surgery may be your best option.

If you have a fractured ankle, your ankle specialist will develop a treatment plan based on the severity of your injury. Your ankle fracture may be resolved with the use of something to protect the fracture, such as a short cast or a special boot. Your doctor may also recommend you elevate your ankle.

If your ankle fracture is severe, our foot and ankle specialists may recommend open reduction internal fixation (ORIF). If ORIF surgery is needed, a foot surgeon will use plates, screws, pins, staples, or tension bands to hold the bones in place. You will need to stay off your foot for at least six weeks after the operation. Physical therapy will be important for regaining range of motion and strengthening your foot.

If you have excruciating ankle pain due to arthritis or a traumatic injury, an ankle fusion may reduce your pain and improve your ankle stability. Ankle fusion may also be a good option if you have a severe deformity such as flatfoot, high-arched foot, or a club foot in which the ankle joint is also deformed, unstable, or damaged. During ankle fusion surgery, an ankle surgeon will lock your ankle joint with screws to prevent the upward and downward motion of the ankle. After your ankle fusion, you may need to wear a splint and use crutches for a few weeks. You may also need physical therapy to help you regain strength in your ankle and foot.

With rest, ice, and elevation, it is possible for ankle sprains to resolve on their own. However, if you experience agonizing pain or have difficulty walking, it’s a good idea to see a doctor specializing in ankles. Left untreated, severe ankle sprains can lead to other painful ankle conditions, such as ankle arthritis, ankle instability, and chronic ankle pain.

If you have a torn tendon in your ankle, your ankle doctor will recommend a treatment option based on the severity of your tear. For less severe tears, you may just need stitches to repair the tear. If you have an intense tear, your doctor will use tendon tissue grafts to reconstruct the torn tendon. Tissue grafts may be taken from somewhere else on the leg or from a tissue bank. After surgery, you will need to stay off of your foot for at least six weeks. Then, you’ll be able to begin walking with a boot on your foot.

If you have tarsal tunnel syndrome, your ankle doctor may recommend nonsurgical treatments. These may include elevation, massage, anti-inflammatory medications, steroid injections, arch supports (orthotics), and/or better-fitting shoes. If conservative treatment does not provide relief, you may need foot surgery to relieve pressure in the tarsal tunnel. During this procedure, a foot and ankle surgeon will make an incision in the ligament located below the inside of the ankle This allows room for the nerve to expand. Or, if a cyst is affecting the nerve, it can be removed.

If you suffer from advanced ankle arthritis, you may benefit from total ankle replacement. Also known as total ankle arthroscopy, this minimally invasive procedure uses a camera and small instruments to view and work within the ankle joint. During total ankle replacement, an ankle replacement surgeon will replace your worn out ankle with a metal and plastic prosthesis. Following the procedure, you will need to stay off your foot for at least six weeks. Physical therapy will be important for regaining range of motion and strengthening your foot.

If your ankle replacement becomes infected, you should receive immediate care. You will need a specially-trained foot surgeon to manage and treat the infected joints to ensure a healthy outcome. Our ankle doctors have nearly a decade of experience in performing ankle replacement. In fact, our physicians teach other foot and ankle specialists the latest techniques in minimally invasive ankle replacement which results in less scarring and a faster recovery than traditional surgery.